Gender Courses
Faculty of Philosophy
2009-2010

WINTER SEMESTER

School of History and Archaeology
Issues of ideology and symbolic thought: Anthropology of the body
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: A. Bakalaki
Course Code: LAK 314

The course begins with a review of the major anthropological approaches to the relation between the biological constitution of humans and the cultural creativity that characterizes the species of Homo sapiens. These approaches provide a perspective from which the body, a constitutive element of subjectivity, emerges as both site of inscription and agent of cultural values and social practices, as criterion for hierarchical classifications or for social exclusion, and as small scale representation or symbol of the universe within which human sociality and interaction with supernatural entities and forces is situated. The ethnographic examples illustrating the cultural variation which attitudes and practices concerning the body constitutes focus on the negotiation of human mortality and on specific forms of care and ritual dedicated to the dead body. The rational behind this focus is the understanding that dealing with death provides a valuable vantage point from which to appreciate embodiment as an aspect of subjectivity in the context of different social and historical contexts. A bibliography in English is available.

School of Philology

Linguistic sexism and the claiming of the symbolic
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: Th.-S. Pavlidou
Course Code: GLO 395

The aim of the course is to examine the relationship between language and society, and more specifically the ideological workings of language and of linguistic interaction, through which women (or other socially weak groups) are excluded from the field of representations and its construction, or they are presented from the perspective of the dominant group. The ultimate goal is to become aware of such mechanisms and learn to resist them.

School of Philosophy and Pedagogy

Gender and education
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: R. Ziogou-Karastergiou
Course Code: P 1404

The aim of the seminar is the students participants to become familiar to:  a) various feminist approaches and theories of gender dichotomies in education provision and organization. Emphasis is given to the philosophical and historical approach b) contemporary methodology used in researching gender issues in education.                                                                             Contents (draft outline of the topics)
1. Inter-scientific approaches of gender issues in education (feminist sociological, psychological, pedagogical approaches and theories)
2. Philosophical and historical approaches (Gender and History, the History of Women education in Greece, Gender and the history of Pedagogical Ideas)
3. Feminist Methodology in education (the feminist perspective of the science and research, autobiography, life histories and oral history)
4. The contemporary research of gender issues in education (instruction, interaction in the classroom, gender identity of the school teenagers and life choices, education and citizenship). The 3-4 last meetings of the seminar are devoted to the presentation of the essays students work out during the seminar on given topics.

School of Psychology

Women's counseling
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: C. Athanasiadou
Course Code: 432

The course aims to introduce students to the feminist perspectives in counselling and to the philosophy and values of feminist therapy in dealing with womens' psycho-social issues. In particular, the course covers the following themes: basic principles of feminist counselling, self-esteem and body image in women, career counseling for unemployed women, for women who return to the labor market and for women who combine paid work and family, counseling for battered women and counselling for infertility.

 

SPRING SEMESTER

School of History and Archaeology

Social organization: Anthropology of gender and sexuality
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: A. Bakalaki
Course Code: LAK 312

The course begins with a review of the conditions that contributed to the emergence of the anthropological interest on women as social agents and, shortly thereafter, to the shift toward engagement with gender as principle of social organization and also as metaphor or symbol of various forms of social activity, relatedness and identity. Our survey of the major approaches and debates concerning gender is accompanied by the presentation of ethnographic examples illustrating the historicity and cross cultural variation of gender relations and identities. These examples contribute to the understanding that gender may not be reduced to sex and hence, to the critique of ideological constructs that represent femininity and masculinity as self evident manifestations of biological difference. Similarly, sexuality, on which we will pay special attention, may not be explained away by reference to biology, human nature or a universalistic heteronormativity. Ample bibliography on gender and sexuality in English is available at the Folklore and Social Anthropology Lab.

Social organization: Anthropology of space
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: E. Skouteri-Didaskalou
Course Code: LAK 302

The anthropology of space has to do with the way(s) humans inhabit space and alter space into human dimensions. It deals with geography, landscape, environment, architecture, and the social distribution of bodies in relation to each other. The philosophical work on space apart, the pioneers' the practitioners' of the field legacy to the anthropology of space is encapsulated in the notion of two "spaces", the physical and the social, the explicit distinction between them, and the priority and precedence of the cultural as against the natural space. Over the last century, anthropology has drawn on insights from both ethnographic inquiry and recent analyses and debates (both anthropological and interdisciplinary) on the politics of space and contested material and mental spatial practices to challenge accepted definitions and ideas of space and place. These efforts have led to an understanding that both the conceptual and material dimensions of space as well as of built forms and landscape characteristics are central to the production and reproduction of social life. Abstractly calculated distances may be less significant than the social calculation of social distances. Physical space and social space are not the same. Historical, political, ideological and sociological factors enter into the reading, use, signification and understanding of the so-called physical space. Nonetheless, nature, space itself as well as place and landscape and social space and its taxonomies and classifications have had a rather submerged presence within anthropology; both as a theoretical device which informs the way(s) the practitioners in the field bring one's own study into view, and the meaning imputed by people in different past and present societies to their cultural and physical surroundings. As a result, anthropology, the par excellence study of culture(s), the science that established field-work as the basic method of collecting data, the scientific practice that focused on the nature/culture debate taking sides with the cultural, did not pay attention to the notion of "space" itself. More recently, the post-colonial critique of anthropology, the reflexive anthropological discussions on fieldwork and ethnographic practice (defining the "field"), on multi-local ethnographies, on thick descriptions and deep understanding, and/or the anthropological theoretical perspectives on globalization and locality, identity, body, place, gender, race and ethnicity issues, propose "space" as a central notion. Based on a variety of ethnographic examples with special emphasis on the organization of space in traditional Greek society, the course will try to synthesize the basics of the existing literature on the subject, highlighting core issues.

School of Philosophy and Pedagogy

Approaches to the history of women’s education in Greece
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: R. Ziogou-Karastergiou
Course Code: P 1501

The aim of the seminar is:
a) the familiarization of the students to issues such as female nature, education, social role, that were raised historically by the European philosophers and Greek intellectuals during the 18th and up to the 20th century.
b) The study of the process of women's education in Greece and c) the awareness of the methodological issues involved in the study of the historical sources.                                     Contents (draft outline of the topics)
a) Philosophical and historical approaches:
·Womanhood and Enlightenment, Humanism, Social Darwinism, Political Philosophy of 19th century, New Education Movement of the 20th century
·Gender and History: Women's history, historical and contemporary gender dichotomies
b) Approaches to Women's education in Greece
·The process of getting access in education
·The process of women's primary, secondary and tertian education
·Women teachers in 19th century: social and cultural identity, social and educational role and identity
c) Methodology
Feminist Methodology in education: Autobiography and oral history - the oral history's importance for the study of women's issues. In-depth interview, discourse analysis.                                             
During the seminar students are required to study given historical sources (autobiographies, literature, educational bills, legislative acts) with certain research methods, to write their work in an essay and to present it in the classroom.

School of Psychology

Gender identities and the school framework: The psychological approach
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: V. Deliyianni
Course Code: 357

School of English Language and Literature

Gender and language
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: Μ. Μakri-Τsilipakou
Course Code: Ling4-440Ε

Language as a form of social behaviour both constructs and perpetuates deeply held cultural beliefs concerning the way women and men should view each other and themselves, and the symbolic positioning of women as inferior to men. Discrimination against women (sexism) is built into both language and social divisions and practices, which are, in turn, reinforced by language habits. By focussing on the language used for and by women and men in relation to gendered social practices, we hope to expose sexism and help change the androcentric construction of reality. Relevant topics include gender ingredients and stereotypes, language asymmetries, false ‘generics’, gendered talk, politeness, conversation management, non-verbal communication etc.
Note:  Ideally, this course should be taken after (or together with) Ling4-363 and before (or together with) Ling4-491, without being an official con-/pre-requisite for either.

Contemporary cinema, gender and sexuality                                            
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: Ν. Rehling
Course Code: Lit8-359Ε

This course aims to introduce the basic tenets and problematics of feminist film theory. It covers both sociological and psychoanalytic approaches to contemporary cinema, representations of femininity and masculinity, the specificity of cinematic signification, psychoanalytic notions of cinematic discourse (such as the economy of the gaze, voyeurism, fetishism, fantasy, identification), the ethics of the gaze, the screening of the male and female body, the intersection of race, class and sexuality with sexual difference, and gender as performance. The course consists of a screening once a week followed by a discussion of the set film and relevant critical articles. Both Hollywood and independent films are included in the course.

Women writers of the english renaissance
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: Τ. Krontiri
Course Code: Lit6-468Ε

Although the Renaissance has been known as a time of exclusevely male literary activity, it is now established that a number of women also wrote and published in this period. This course will study the writings of several women and will relate them to the great restrictions under which they were producted. It will explore the ways in which women authors responded to these restrictions, the writing strategies they used, and the themes they dealt with. Drawing on contemporery theoretical and historical sources, the course will focus on the interconnection between culture, gender, and writing. Students will be required to read secondary materials in addition to the primary texts.

Postmodernism in women's fiction
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: R. Parkin-Gounela
Course Code: 6-469E

This course studies short stories and novels by British and Canadian women writers in the last 20-30 years. Analysis is made of changing constructions of femininity within on-going debates about its genetic, psychoanalytic and cultural determinants. At the same time, analysis is made of postmodernity as a cultural phenomenon which has established new theories of authorship, readership and textuality.

Stage representations of gender and sexuality
(3 hours/3 credits)
Instructor: E. Sakellaridou
Course Code: 8-429E

During the 1970s feminist theatre research, in conjunction with the feminist movement and the parallel development of feminist theory, introduced to the theatrical field the perspective of gender difference and sexual desire, thus complicating the problematics of representation and the identity of the gaze in the construction and reception of the spectacle. This quest led to specific aesthetic forms and strategies of representation, which are now widely used by diverse marginalized social groups for the deconstruction of gender stereotypes of the dominant culture. Their common target is to promote alternatives of multivalent representation that take into account such parameters as gender, race, ethnicity and sexual preference. The course will be taught through an analysis of representative theatrical scripts and a parallel discussion of relevant theoretical texts.

School of French Language and Literature

Special issues of the 16th Century
(2 hours/2 credits)
Instructor: Μ. Litsardaki
Course Code: 2213